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Aquinas was an Italian philosopher and Saint canonized by Pope John XXII in 1323.
Eckhart was German mystic, theologian and philosopher.
Lorenzo de Medici
Lorenzo the Magnificent was an Italian statesman and the most powerful Renaissance culture patron in Italy.
Born in Holland, Erasmus was the greatest scholar of the northern Renaissance.
Sir Thomas More
More was a venerated Catholic saint and an English lawyer, philosopher, author, and statesman.
Michel de Montaigne
Michel Eyquem de Montaigne, Lord of Montaigne was an important French Renaissance philosopher.
Thomas Hobbes of Malmesbury was an English philosopher, one of the founders of modern political philosophy.
Born in France Descartes is considered the Father of Philosophy as well as a mathematician.
Spinoza was Dutch philosopher and one of the great rationalists, a leading figure of the Dutch Golden Age.
Locke was known as the Father of Liberalism and one of the greatest English philosophers of the Age of Enlightenment.
David Hume was a Scottish, Enlightenment philosopher, historian, economist, and essayist.
Jean Jacques Rousseau
Rousseau was a Swiss born French philosopher who had a profound influence on modern political, economic and educational thought.
French Revolution began
Born in Kronigsberg Prussia during the Age of Enlightenment, Kant was one of the great German philosophers.
Johann Gottfried Herder
Herder was a major figure in Sturm und Drang and involved with the Enlightenment and Weimar Classicism.
Johann Wolfgang von Goethe
Johann Wolfgang von Goethe was a philosopher and considered by many to be the greatest German writer and poet of the modern era.
Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel
Last of the great classical period German philosophers Hegel greatly influenced later philosophers.
Friedrich Wilhelm Joseph von Schelling
Schelling is one of the three most influential German Idealism, logical thinkers.
Born in Poland, Schopenhauer was a brilliant German philosopher.
Kierkegaard was a Danish philosopher and the father of existentialism.
Karl Heinrich Marx a German philosopher, economist, historian, sociologist, political theorist, journalist and socialist revolutionary.
Nietzsche was a German philosopher, cultural critic, composer, and poet. He influenced modern intellectual history.