Philosophers

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1225-1274

Thomas Aquinas

Aquinas was an Italian philosopher and Saint canonized by Pope John XXII in 1323.
1260-1328

Meister Eckhart

Eckhart was German mystic, theologian and philosopher.
1449-1492

Lorenzo de Medici

Lorenzo the Magnificent was an Italian statesman and the most powerful Renaissance culture patron in Italy.
1469-1536

Desiderius Erasmus

Born in Holland, Erasmus was the greatest scholar of the northern Renaissance.
1478-1535

Sir Thomas More

More was a venerated Catholic saint and an English lawyer, philosopher, author, and statesman.
1533-1592

Michel de Montaigne

Michel Eyquem de Montaigne, Lord of Montaigne was an important French Renaissance philosopher.
1588-1679

Thomas Hobbes

Thomas Hobbes of Malmesbury was an English philosopher, one of the founders of modern political philosophy.
1596-1650

René Descartes

Born in France Descartes is considered the Father of Philosophy as well as a mathematician.
1632-1677

Baruch Spinoza

Spinoza was Dutch philosopher and one of the great rationalists, a leading figure of the Dutch Golden Age.
1632-1704

John Locke

Locke was known as the Father of Liberalism and one of the greatest English philosophers of the Age of Enlightenment.
1711–1776

David Hume

David Hume was a Scottish, Enlightenment philosopher, historian, economist, and essayist.
1712-1778

Jean Jacques Rousseau

Rousseau was a Swiss born French philosopher who had a profound influence on modern political, economic and educational thought.
1789

French Revolution began

1724-1804

Immanuel Kant

Born in Kronigsberg Prussia during the Age of Enlightenment, Kant was one of the great German philosophers.
1744-1803

Johann Gottfried Herder

Herder was a major figure in Sturm und Drang and involved with the Enlightenment and Weimar Classicism.
1749-1832

Johann Wolfgang von Goethe

Johann Wolfgang von Goethe was a philosopher and considered by many to be the greatest German writer and poet of the modern era.
1744-1803

Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel

Last of the great classical period German philosophers Hegel greatly influenced later philosophers.
1775-1854

Friedrich Wilhelm Joseph von Schelling

Schelling is one of the three most influential German Idealism, logical thinkers.
1788-1860

Arthur Schopenhauer

Born in Poland, Schopenhauer was a brilliant German philosopher.
1813-1855

Soren Kierkegaard

Kierkegaard was a Danish philosopher and the father of existentialism.
1818-1883

Karl Marx

Karl Heinrich Marx a German philosopher, economist, historian, sociologist, political theorist, journalist and socialist revolutionary.
1844-1890

Friedrich Nietzsche

Nietzsche was a German philosopher, cultural critic, composer, and poet. He influenced modern intellectual history.