Ukraine has a long history of heroes. warriors, musicians, poets and activists. All have been willing to fight for their country against repression. Ukraine was founded in the 8th century by Volodymyr the Great. Moscow didn’t exist until three centuries later.
In the 17th century commander Bohdan Khmelnytsky led an uprising resulting in the creation of an independent Ukrainian Cossack state.
In Ukraine the name of 18th century philosopher & poet Hryhorii Skovoroda is synonymous with freedom. 19th century poet, artist Taras Shevchenko fought for his country with words. His poems have been translated into more than 100 languages. Poet, writer, Ivan Franko was nominated for a Nobel Prize just before his death in 1916.
Vladimir the first or Volodymyr the Great (956-1015) was born Volodymyr Sviatoslavycht. His father was Prince Sviatoslav the first of Kiev of the Rurik dynasty. Vladimir was Prince of Novgorod, Grand Prince of Kiev and the ruler of Kievan Rus from 980 to 1015. He was the first to mint his own coins, putting the trident, his mark on the coins. The trident is on the Ukraine coat of arms.
Vladimir brought Christianity to Kievan Rus. Both Kiev & Moscow have statues of Vladimir the Great, though Moscow didn’t exist until the 12th ctry, two centuries after Vladimir’s death.
Putin claims a strong connection to the Prince. They do have the same first name, but then so does Ukraine President Zelensky. Putin sees himself as powerful royalty like the medieval prince.
Taras Hryhorovych Shevchenko (1814-1861) also known as Kobzar Taras, or simply Kobzar, is a symbol of freedom for Ukrainians. He was a Ukrainian poet, writer, artist, public and political figure, as well as folklorist and ethnographer. Many of Shevchenko’s poems and songs became folk songs. His collection of poems Kobzar (1840) was translated into more than 100 languages. Monuments in his honor have been installed in 35 countries.
In Ukraine the name Hryhorii Skovoroda is synonymous with freedom.
Hryhorii Skovoroda (1722-1794) was a great Ukrainian philosopher, poet and teacher. He was the founder of landscape lyrics, a genre of poetry representing the author’s attitude toward nature. Skovoroda added to the contributions of ancient Greek philosophers’ works on local culture and academic education. He also created a concept of intrinsic labor that simplified a way to achieve happiness, establishing the idea of “love what you do and do what you love.”
Ivan Yakovych Franko (1856 -1916) was nominated for a Nobel Prize in 1915. The multi-talented Ukrainian was poet, writer, and a social and literary critic. He was also a journalist, interpreter, economist, political activist, doctor of philosophy, ethnographer. Franko was the author of the first detective novels and modern poetry in the Ukrainian language.
Khmelnytsky was a Ukrainian commander & Cossack state ruler
Ukraine has a long history of fighting for freedom. Bohdan Zynoviy Mykhailovych Khmelnytsky (1596-1657) led an uprising against the Commonwealth and its magnates that resulted in the creation of an independent Ukrainian Cossack state.. He was a Ukrainian military commander and Hetman, ruler, of the Zaporozhian Host, which was then under the suzerainty of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth. He led an uprising against the Commonwealth and its magnates that resulted in the creation of an independent Ukrainian Cossack state.
You may recognize the name Archimedes, but unless you are a historian or a mathematician you’re unlikely to know why you should care about him or his discoveries.
Archimedes was a toga-wearing Greek mathematician, born in 287 B.C., over two millennium ago. He was chosen by historyten.com as one of their “most famous scientists.” His father was an astronomer and the family lived in the seaside city of Syracuse. Archimedes spent a large part of his life in the Egyptian city of Alexandria.
This is important because Alexandria had the great Ptolemy Legides, which was a world famous library, later destroyed. Inclined towards learning from his youth Archimedes spent much of his time in Alexandria at the library studying science, astronomy, physics, mechanics, and engineering. This paid off and today our world exists as it is partly because of his discoveries.
For instance, it was Archimedes who used calculus to calculate the volume of a circle and the quantity of a sphere. He defined the correct estimation of pi and invented a math system for expressing massive numbers.
Still numerous cartoons and comics depict Archimedes as a naked man running around shouting “Eureka” at one of his discoveries. Likely this never happened, but shouting “Eureka” after a discovery has become tradition and easier to visualize than understanding his inventions.
Archimedes’ Principle is the principle of buoyancy. If an item is placed in liquid and forced down, the result will equal the weight of the applied force and the fluid displaced by the item.
Archimedes’ Screw was a device used to transfer water up hill. It worked in irrigation before the establishment of pumping systems and was used to irrigate the Hanging Gardens of Babylon.
Archimedes’ Iron Claw was a huge fishing rod with a hook at one end and anchored inside a battlement defending a seaside at the other end. The Claw could then be used to “hook” the end of an attacking ship and capsize the vessel.
Unfortunately, it was the Claw that instigated Archimedes death. The story goes like this.
During the war of Syracuse in 241 B.C. the Claw sank Roman ships commanded by Roman Commander Marcellus. Syracuse defeated the Romans.
Marcellus was impressed by the the Iron Claw and ordered soldiers to bring the inventor to him— alive. Archimedes, hyper focused had very poor political instincts. He said no, he was working on a mathematical diagram and didn’t have time. This didn’t go over well and one of the soldiers stabbed Archimedes. Archimedes died at the age of 75 in 212 B.C. and it’s likely that the soldier didn’t fare too well, either.
Still the instrument of his death, the “Claw,” was checked in 1999 A.D. and still worked.
Most of what is known about Archimedes is from histories written centuries after his death. These works have been lost then rediscovered. A manuscript by Isidorus is kept in the library in Jerusalem.
Mary Wollstonecraft Shelley (1797-1851) was an English writer. As a teen she fell for romantic poet Percy Bysshe Shelley. Unfortunately Percy was already married. Still you can’t tell teens anything and she ran off with him. They traveled Europe ending up in a Swiss chalet belonging to Lord Byron. Here she wrote Frankenstein during a dramatic storm – think lightening and thunderous downpour, although it could have been a light sprinkle. Anyway eventually Shelley’s wife died and the pair married. That didn’t last long as Percy sank sailing during a another storm and Mary, wanting predictable weather went back to England.
Illustration by Kathleen McGuinness. Visit her watercolor portraits.