Émile Jean-Horace Vernet (1789-1863), known as Horace Vernet, was a French battles, portraits, and Orientalist subject painter. Born in the Paris Louvre while his parents were staying there during the French Revolution. Vernet disdained the seriousness of academic Classicism French art work. Instead he painted contemporary life subjects. During his early career, when Napoleon Bonaparte was in power, Vernet painted unidealized French soldier. Horace Vernet T-shirts on Amazon https://www.amazon.com/dp/B0CWTY42QB
Thomas Gainsborough (1727-1788) London, England. He was one of the most important British portrait artists of the second half of the 18th century. His iconic portrait The Blue Boy is part of the permanent collection at the Huntington Library in San Marino, California. Gainsborough T-shirts on Amazon https://www.amazon.com/dp/B08CK499TX
Joseph Gay-Lussac (1778-1850) was a French chemist and physicist. He pioneered investigations into the behavior of gases, established new techniques for analysis, and made notable advances in applied chemistry. The Gay-Lussac’s Law states that the pressure of a given mass of gas varies directly with the absolute temperature of the gas, when the volume is kept constant. Joseph Gay-Lussac T-shirts at https://www.amazon.com/dp/B0CWK3XWSF
Kaiser Frederick III (1831-1888) was German Emperor and King of Prussia during the Year of the Three Emperors 1888. He was known as “Fritz” and was the only son of Emperor Wilhelm I. Frederick III T-shirts on Amazon https://www.amazon.com/dp/B0CSVZSXGB
Alexander Pope (1688-1744) was born in London. He was an English poet, translator, and satirist during the Enlightenment era. Pope is considered one of the most prominent English poets of the early 18th century. He was best known for his poems An Essay on Criticism, The Rape of the Lock and The Dunciad. Alexander Pope T-shirts on Amazon https://www.amazon.com/dp/B0CW3SC5LB
English bad guys come in all flavors in the Victorian era
William Harrison Ainsworth (1805-1882) was an English historical novelist born. As a lawyer, the legal profession held no attraction for him. In 1820, Ainsworth began to publish his writing then later writing plays. Praising Ainsworth as a playwright it was said that he rivaled George Gordon Byron. During his time Ainsworth was contributed works to The European Magazine and other magazines. His first success as a writer came with Rookwood in 1834, which features Dick Turpin as its leading character. Thirty-nine novels followed. Ainsworth T-shirts on Amazon https://www.amazon.com/dp/B0CRPT76FB
Jack Sheppard was a real person and also a novel by William Harrison Ainsworth. John “Jack” Sheppard (1702 – 1724) or “Honest Jack” was a notorious English thief and prison escapee in the early 18th-century London. Jonathan Wild (1683-1725) was a criminal cop in London obsessed with Jack Sheppard. Wild’s hatred was the undoing of both men. Jack Sheppard T-shirts on Amazon https://www.amazon.com/dp/B0CRNP3TWD
Jonathan Wild (1683-1725) was a criminal cop in London. He was a man of justice by day, and leader of a criminal empire. He became obsessed with Jack Sheppard known as Honest Jack, a notorious English thief and prison escapee. The obsession was Wild’s downfall as did gang members beganing to turn evidence on him. Jonathan Wild T-shirts on Amazon at https://www.amazon.com/dp/B0CRGRDPSM
Richard III (1452-1485) put his dead brother’s son on the throne, schemed to take the crown, and started a war. He imprisoned his two young nephews in the Tower of London. Still a lot more is in question thanks to his successor Henry VII erasing his predecessor from history.
The last king from the Plantagenet dynasty of England the defeat and death of Richard III at the Battle of Bosworth Field in 1485 more or less ended the Wars of the Roses as well as the Middle Ages.
Henry VII became king after killing Richard III, founding the Tudor dynasty. A schemer himself, Henry promptly waged a publicity campaign painting Richard as a black hearted evil villain. The smear campaign had Richard’s portrait retouched making his eyes slits and the mouth a scowl.
The campaign played up a hunchback angle and erased evidence of where Richard’s body was buried.
The body was finally discovered in a Leicester parking lot 500 years after his death. The discovery was made by Phillipa Langley of the Richard III Society. Richard wasn’t a hunchback, but his spine looked like a question mark due to severe scolioses.
A hundred years after his death Shakespeare wrote his cautionary tale of a military genius who plots, schemes and murders his way to becoming king, then starts a war and dies in battle after a brief reign at 32.
Amazon Richard III T-shirts available by clicking images or clicking links below.
Apache Chief Winnetou, his braves and German crack-shot Old Shatterhand race horseback into an old western town. They are there to do battle against evil-doers making mischief against law biding citizens.
Karl May movie reenactment
This is part of a wild west reenactment of a hugely successful movie based on one of Karl May most popular books. Read Karl May’s story here.
Karl May (center) with his heroes Old Shatterhand & Indian Chief Winnetou
The action takes place on an outdoor stage in an abandoned Czech quarry. Indians and bad guys battle battle it out in front of a jail, a saloon, a railroad with locomotive and a recently robbed bank. The good guys are there to help the sheriff and deputy handle trouble.
Abandoned quarry in Czech Republic converted to an American Wild West town
In the stand fans gesture, cheer and boo as the heroes fight the bad guys. Regular festival attendees yell phrases in sync with actors.
The action is nonstop. A locomotive barrels down the tracks, crashes into a building. A bad guy blows up a water tower. A flood streams down walls of the quarry.
Outdoor theater is only part of events. The quarry houses an Indian village straight out of the wild west. And inside an extravagant 1870 saloon visitors can dine and drink or enjoy games of chance. On stage magic and old time dance shows delight visitors. Outside in a corral riders and horses perform tricks and stunts. Participants can visit kid friendly horses and goats. Gold mining, and treasure hunting opportunities are part of the excitement at the festival, too.
Simón Bolívar (1783-1830) born Simón José Antonio de la Santísima Trinidad Bolívar y Palacios was a Venezuelan military genius and political leader. He led a revolution that liberated South American countries that are now Colombia, Venezuela, Ecuador, Peru, Panama and Bolivia from the Spanish Empire.
Born to a wealthy, politically connected, Venezuelan family, Bolívar was still not as high in the caste system as Spaniards born in Spain. This was part of the reason his allegiance belonged to his home in South America.
18th-century liberal thinkers
As a youth his tutor Simón Rodríguez introduced Bolívar to the world of 18th-century liberal thought. In 1804 Napoleon I was approaching the height of his career. Rodríguez and Bolívar sailed to Europe. In Paris Bolívar was discovered to the works of 18th century great minds like John Locke, Thomas Hobbes, Voltaire, Montesquieu, and Rousseau.
As liberation took hold world wide Bolívar came believe that the Spanish colonies were ripe for independence. A year later the the fight for independence began. He sailed for England in hope of eliciting help for the cause from the British. It didn’t work. But Bolívar persuaded exiled Venezuelan Francisco de Miranda to return and lead the revolution. Miranda’s leadership failed. But eventually Bolívar took over, financing the revolution with his own money.
Fight for independence
The attach on New Granada is considered a military masterpiece, as daring and hazardous as Hannibal‘s crossing the Alps. Bolívar’s small army of 2,500 including a British legion forded rivers and and plain during the rainy season. For a week they waded through waist high waters. They crossed the Andes, a mountain range considered impossible by the defending Spaniards. Though Bolívar lost men, the Spaniards were caught flat footed and in 1819 surrendered. This was the turning point of the war.
Peace and legacy
Still it would be nearly another decade before peace was finally negotiated. Simón Bolívar is considered Latin America’s greatest military genius. His legacy is of mythical proportions.